Acute Mountain Sickness

What is acute mountain sickness?

Trekkers, adventurers mostly get AMS (acute mountain sickness). When you are hiking or climbing in high elevation you will suffer Acute Mountain Sickness. Alternatively, AMS called high altitude pulmonary edema. Normally people feel from above 2500 meters high from sea level. Some symptoms of AMS is headaches, Dizziness, Nausea, shortness of breath etc. Some time  Acute Mountain Sickness getting severe and cause dangerous with brain and lungs.

What causes acute mountain sickness?

While you are hiking or climbing in higher elevation oxygen level will be decreased. When you are trekking, skiing, flying in high elevation, drive in high hills may not have enough time to acclimatize your body. Pushing to hike yourself in the high Himalayas is a cause of acute mountain sickness.

What are the symptoms of acute mountain sickness?

Some symptoms of acute mountain Sickness(AMS) will show in between two hours of walking to the higher elevation. There some reason in your physical body condition too.

Some Major symptoms of Acute Mountain Sickness

1)    Dizziness

2)    A light headache

3)    Muscle aches

4)    Insomnia

5)    Nausea and vomiting

6)    Irritability

7)    Lost of appetite

8)    Increasing in heartbeat

9)    Short of breath

10)    Social withdrawal

11)    Inability to walk or lack of balance

12)    Chest congestion coughing.

Who is at risk for acute mountain sickness?

•    quick hike or drive to high altitudes

•    physical effort while traveling to a higher altitude

•    traveling to heights above 2500 meters

•    a low red blood cell count due to anemia

•    heart or lung disease

•    taking medications like sleeping pills, narcotic pain relievers, or tranquilizers that can lower your breathing rate

•    past bouts of acute mountain sickness

If you have a desire of trekking in high passes and you have any above condition. please take suggestion with your doctor how to avoid developing  AMS.

 

How is acute altitude sickness diagnosed?

All these things can be done by a doctor. they'll raise concerning activities and travel history in last few day or week. throughout inquiries, your doctor can wish to use a medical instrument to pay attention to fluid in your lungs. to know these issue doctor might order a chest X-ray.

                            

How is acute altitude sickness treated?

Treatment for acute altitude sickness varies depending on its severity. you may be able to avoid complications by simply returning to a lower altitude. Hospitalization is critical if your doctor determines that you simply have brain swelling or fluid in your lungs. you may receive oxygen if you've got respiratory problems.

Medications

Medications for hypoxia include:

• acetazolamide, to correct respiratory issues

• blood pressure drugs

• lung inhalers

• dexamethasone, to decrease brain swelling

• aspirin, for headache relief

Other treatments

Some basic interventions are also able to treat milder conditions, including:

• returning to a lower altitude

• reducing your activity level

• resting for a minimum of each day before moving to the next altitude

• hydrating with water

How am I able to stop acute mountain sickness?

You can take some necessary preventive steps to scale back your possibilities of acute altitude sickness. Get a physical to form positive you've got no serious health problems. Review the symptoms of altitude sickness this you'll acknowledge and treat them quickly if they occur. If traveling to extreme altitudes (higher than ten,000 feet, for example), raise your doctor concerning acetazolamide, a medicine which will ease your body’s adjustment to high altitudes. Taking it the day before you climb and on the primary day or 2 of your trip will reduce your symptoms.

When ascent to higher altitudes, here square measure some tips which will assist you to avoid developing acute mountain sickness.