GLOBAL WARMING CHANGES IN HIMALAYAS OF NEPAL

From the North Pole to the South Pole, our Earth is warming. Such consequences of increasing temperatures aren't something that will happen in the distant future, the repercussions of global climate change are already being felt. Rising temperatures in himalayas melting ice causing variability of rainfall to alter, and causing species to migrate. Several people misunderstand the terms "global warming" and "climate change," but researchers choose to use the term "environmental issues" to describe the complex changes that are now influencing our planet's climate and weather patterns. Climate change consequences include not just increasing weather conditions, and also weather events, changing wild populations and ecosystemssea-level rise, and a variety of other factors. 

While people continued to emit high-temperature greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, every one of these effects is becoming apparent. 

Global climate change is a type of climate change defined by a significant rise in Earth's average temps, which has a long-term impact on weather patterns and ecosystems. It's connected to an increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, which exacerbates the greenhouse gasses. The greenhouse effect causes global warming, which is defined as a rise in average global temperatures. Several atmospheric gases operate like greenhouse glass, enabling sunlight to warm the earth's surface while storing the warmth as it reflects into the air. The combustion of fossil fuels for energy is the primary explanation for heating. The average global temperature has risen by 1.5 degrees in the last decade, according to reports. This is a cause for concern since it has the potential to harm ecosystems and cause an environmental disturbance. If we take tangible actions to restore the destroyed vegetation in our forests, we can slow down global warming. Natural catastrophes such as storms, flooding, and landslides have struck many places around the globe. Climate change is to blame for all of these occurrences. We must restore our environment to protect the ecosystem from the adverse consequences of global warming. Mankind has just been plundering mineral resources without providing anything at all in return to the environment. This must come to an end. We must all work hard to ensure the globe is a better place to create generations who are just as deserving of our planet as we are. Global warming occurs when these gases are present at imbalanced levels. Climate change can wipe out a whole population of humans from the planet's surface, hence it must be addressed as soon as possible. While the harm can't be undone, the consequences can be managed to some level. The first step is to conduct a massive planting trees campaign. Then, instead of using traditional energy sources like oil, we may use greener alternatives like wind and solar power. 

 

CAUSES OF GLOBAL WARMING iIN HIMALAYAS

Mankind's interaction with the environment of himalaays of nepal is a fragile balance. Since industrialization, the nation's population has increased at an exponential rate, and this has had a significant impact on the environment in Nepal. Deforestation, pollution, and global warming are only a few of the negative consequences of population and technology growth. Subjects dealing with initiatives to lessen negative impacts on the environment, as well as subjects aimed at gaining a better knowledge of the world itself, fall under this area.

  1. Burning of fossils fuels 
  2. Deforestation and tree burning
  3. Overfishing
  4. Industrialization
  5. Consumerism
  6. Transport and vehicle 
  7. Oil drilling
  8. Power plants
  9. Waste 
  10. The Greenhouse effect
  11. Radiative forces
  12. Human Activity
  13. Water vapor
  14. Carbon dioxide
  15. Methane 
  16. Aerosols
  17. Ozone depletion
  18. Natural causes
  19. Ice melt and sea-level rise
  20. Ocean circulation

 

GLOBAL WARMING EFFECTS ON EVEREST BASE CAMP TREK

The temperature in the Mount Everest region is also rising, causing the snow on the peak to meet at such an astonishing rate. As a result, there is more avalanche and rockslides. The melting of glaciers has resulted in a paucity of snow and ice on the peaks. Mountaineers are suffering as a consequence of climate change. Many people believe climbing Mount Everest is getting increasingly risky. Microplastic contamination is a direct outcome of increased tourism and rubbish accumulating near the Earth's highest point. Nonbiodegradable plastic makes up a major amount of garbage. While there has been apparent plastic on Mount Everest in the past, the pristine environment near the world's highest summits is changing. According to the latest findings, snow samples included much more microplastics than stream samples, with the majority of microplastics being fibrous. Although it is uncertain how climate change has affected Mount Everest and the surrounding region, changes are already taking place that has the potential to drastically transform this part of the world. Mount Everest, by being the tallest peak on the planet, is not immune to the consequences of climate change. The only site in the world that pierces the stratosphere—peak Everest is 29,035 feet above sea level—has a dense atmosphere that keeps climbers panting for air and glaciers that spread for kilometers. However, both of these factors are rapidly changing.

 

 GLOBAL WARMING EFFECTS ON ANNAPURNA TREK

When some research was conducted in the Annapurna trek both positive as well as negative effects of climate change were found. The people living in the area further described the crops that are being damaged by an extreme increase in temperature.

Such loss in agriculture creates a hard time on their livelihood. This may lead to the food crisis in Nepal. Residents, on the other hand, are sometimes required to take modest to substantial adaptation strategies in efforts to stop the negative impacts of environmental climatic factors. This dry terrain depends on melting snow for water outside of the monsoon season. With rising temperatures and quicker melting, mineral springs are becoming increasingly scarce year-round, Because of the lack of water, entire villages have been forced to move away. Increased rainfall in those other areas of the Annapurna range is causing residents to replace their sloped ceilings' traditionally plained roofs with pointy thatched roofs to prevent leakage of water and invasion. Rising temperatures are also changing wildlife species' ecosystems, driving them to relocate to higher altitudes. 

 

 Global warming effects on Langtang region

Being an eco-friendly greenery surrounded area Langtang valley has also been adversely affected because of the uncertain change in climate and weather. The dense forest, different endangered species of flora, and fauna are protected in the region are facing difficulty to adjust within the extreme changing environment. People residing over the Langtang region are also facing various problems in performing their daily agricultural activities. 

  

HOW DOES GLOBAL WARMING AFFECT OUR FUTURE?

The ecosystem has now been affected by the globally changing climate. Glaciers have receded, melting glaciers and sea ice has broken up earlier, flora and fauna ranges have altered, and plants have begun to bloom earlier. Climate change has made its mark on the world's tallest peak, Mount Everest is losing decades' value of glacier each year. In the next year, food systems will have to play a far bigger role in the battle against climate change. flora and fauna will need to migrate areas at a quick rate as the planet heats to sustain their existing circumstances. Some creatures will be able to stay up, while others will most certainly fall behind. If the oceans continue to rise and become more caustic, ecosystems would struggle to adapt.

Sea ice loss, rapid sea-level rise, and longer, more severe heat waves are all effects that experts anticipated would occur as a result of global climate change in the past. Throughout this period and even beyond, the global climate is expected to shift. The quantity of heat-trapping gases generated globally and how sensitive the Greenhouse effect is to all those pollutants determine the scale of changing climate over another few years.

 

BENEFITS OF CLIMATE CHANGE 

  1. There's a chance that previously unavailable petroleum & energy deposits would become accessible.
  2. The next ice age may be avoided.
  3. Arctic circumstances would lead to reduced injuries and fatalities.
  4. We generate thousands of extra, well-paying green energy generating and transition employment as we are obliged to move toward a greener manner to survive. 
  5. It will push us to evolve and grow in enhanced cooperation, ecological development, and as single common humanity in the end.
  6. We will need to develop a sort of global government that includes legislative, executive, and judicial powers if we are to solve global warming promptly.
  7. We will indeed be obliged to test new, better effectual governing forms.
  8. The bit we work together to overcome the numerous obstacles of the quickly growing global warming emergency, we can continue to enjoy our normal lives for a while further. 
  9. We can eventually achieve a new and stable global average temperature and climate that will allow humankind to grow sustainably.
  10. Many people will reconsider their lives, habits, and livelihoods as a result of the global warming crisis.

 

Rise of global warming in sea- level

Global warming is the gradual increase in the average temperature of the planet's atmosphere as a result of an increase in the quantity of energy (heat) impacting the earth from the sun being retained in the environment rather than dissipated into space. Rising oceans pose a danger to infrastructure critical to local jobs and regional businesses in metropolitan areas along coasts across the planet. Water level rise threatens roads, bridges, subways, water supplies, oil and gas wells, power facilities, sewage treatment plants, landfills, and an extended list of other structures. The globally averaged sea level is rising in two ways as a result of global warming. To begin with, glaciers and arctic ice throughout the planet are melting, releasing water into the ocean. Second, as the water heats, the quantity of the ocean expands. A loss in the quantities of water on land—aquifers, ponds, streams, and soil moisture—is a third, much smaller component to sea-level rise. Groundwater pumping is primarily to blame for this transfer of water through the land to the ocean. Additional sea level rise is unavoidable as global temperatures continue to climb. How much and when relies mostly on future greenhouse gas emissions rates. Another source of uncertainty is whether the world's ice sheets, such as those in Antarctica and Greenland, will melt in a gradual, predictable manner as the planet warms, or whether they will hit a tipping point and collapse suddenly. Concerning climate change, the sea level will increase in two separate ways. To begin with, when the seas are warm as a result of rising global temperatures, seawater expands, takes up the space in the oceanic plate, and raises the water level. The melting of ice on land, which subsequently contributes water to the ocean, is the second mechanism. So, global warming affects the rise of sea levels as well.