Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal. It is the largest metropolis in Nepal, with a 1.5 million populations. Kathmandu city is known as the city of temple. The city is located at the 1,400 meters (4,600 feet) above the sea level. Kathmandu has been the center of Nepal’s history, art and culture. Kathmandu city is famous for the tour because there are so many tourism areas like Boudhanath, Pashupatinath Temple, Swoyambhu and Kathmandu Durbar Square etc.
Boudha Stupa is one of the largest stupa in the world. This largest Buddhist Stupa in Nepal lies about 8 km to the east of downtown Kathmandu. During the festival of Losar (Tibetan New Year) in February or March, at Boudhanath hosts the great celebration. In 1979, Boudha became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There are more than 45 Buddhist monasteries in the area.
Pashupatinath Temple is the most important Hindu pilgrims sites and important part of Kathmandu city tour. This is located at east part of Kathmandu valley.Pasupathinath temple is a temple of Lord Shiva. It is situated on the banks of river Baghmati. Thousands of pilgrims and visitors visit this temple every year. Pashnupatinath is another name of lord Shiva. Maha Shivaratri is a popular festival of this temple, which attracts about a million devotees. The main temple of Pashupatinath is two tire pagoda temples, with a height of 23.6 meters. The doors are heavily ornamented with silver and gold paints.
Swayambhu is also known as the Monkey Temple. There are many monkeys living in the north-west parts of the temple. In 1979, Swayambhu became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Swayambhu occupies a central position; it is probably the most sacred among Buddhist pilgrimage sites in Nepal. There are many local and foreigner tourists come for enjoy the Kathmandu city tour.
Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu Durbar Square is the most important part of the Katmandu city tour. At Katmandu Durbar Square there are Hanumandhoka Durbar and Basantapur Durbar. Hanumandhoka Durbar came from the statue of Hanuman established by the King Pratap Malla at the entrance of the royal palace in 1672 A.D and Basantapur Durbar is built by King Prithvi Narayan shah in 1770. The combination of these two Durbar is known as Kathmandu Durbar Square. The eight day long Indra Jatra festival in honor of Indra, the ‘god of rain’, is held every year in August/September, there is great celebration. Kathmandu Durbar Square temples around its premises, including those dedicated to various gods of the Hindu pantheon like Ganesh, Shiva-Parvati, Bhagwati, Saraswoti, Krishna, etc., besides Taleju and Kumari Ghar. Close to the famous square is a temple from which Kathmandu’s name is said to be derived, that is, Kasthamandap Temple. The wood of a single tree is said to have been used to construct it.